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New 2.5.2010: new etymologies listed

   Lexicon (here text form) 

English Finnish word (alpha- Corresponding meanings Reconstructed Finnic stem
cognate betically ordered) & and reconstructed IE original
Swedish cognate
 
  Fi. aaja 'end, limits, extreme'   look under 'kasa'
anger Fi. ahdas 'tight, sqeezed, narrow' < Middle Proto-Finnic *aštas
anguish < Lat. Baltic *an(k)žtas
or Baltic *ang-š-t-a-s
Sw. ångest, ängslig, 'remorse', 'anguish', < cf. PIE h2enģh-
ånger  'anxious'
anger Fi. ankea 'bleak, cheerless, dark, depressing, desolate, dismal' < ?Proto Finnic *ankeða/ankeh-
anguish < Lat. Sw. ångest, ängslig, 'remorse', 'anguish', < Gmc *ang(w)ijaz
ånger  'anxious'
  Fi. ahjo 'forge, furnace, hearth'   look  under 'kaski'
  Fi. ahku 'cinder'   look  under 'kaski'
  Fi. aho 'abandoned burnt over field'   look  under 'kaski'
island Fi. Ahvenanmaa        '(topon.) archipelago province  < ?Proto Finnic *Ahveh-
< Ahveen +maa       between Stockholm and Turku'
< *Ahveh-
Sw. Öja 'the isles' (frequent toponym in < ?Early Gmc. *aʒwjōz  'the isles'
Sweden, for ex. occurance near Ystad (or Gmc. *aʒwī  nom. 'the island')
Sw. Åland < *ahwe- (+landa) 'name of the
same archipelago province' <= ?Proto-Finnic *Ahveh-
agent, agile,  Fi. ajaa 'drive (ride, travel, chase)' < PFU *aja- */åjå-/
act < Lat PIA *aja-
Sw. åka < aka 'ride, drive' < cf. PIE *h2eģ-
         
Fi. vuohi 'goat' < Middle Proto-Finnic *vōši
Baltic *až-
For some reason this word is  cf. PIE *h2eǵ-o- ; *h2eǵ-eh2-
not assumed to be a cognate to the root above,
although semantics does not seem to be a problem: 
an animal, which is 'lead' or 'driven' together    
  Fi. akana 'husk, chaff'   look under 'kasa'
  Fi. ankea 'bleak, cheerless, dark, depressing, desolate, dismal' < look under 'ahdas'
echinus Fi. ankerias 'eel' < Proto-Finnic *ankerias/*angerjas
echidna Baltic *angurja-
           
of, ebb, after Fi. apaja 'fishing ground' < Earlyish Proto-Finnic *apa-ja
awkward Sw. -ave, ävja; efter 'small bay, cove; mire; after' < PaleoGmc *aban- 
avig 'inside out' or PaleoGmc *abjōn-
          or
apple Fi. apila 'clover' < Middle Proto-Finnic *apila
Baltic *ābōl-s  *āb-l-o 
Sw. äpple 'apple' < cf. PIE *h2b-ōl  *h2b-l-o-
           
Fi. arina 'fire-grate, furnace bed'   look  under 'kaski'
  Fi. arpa 'allotment, lot, dice, die'   look  under 'orpo'
errand Fi. asia 'matter, issue, thing' < Middle Proto-Finnic *anćia (?*antia)
  Sw. ärende 'issue' < EarlyGmc *(uz-)andja-
Fi. haava 'wound'   look  under 'kaataa'
  Fi. hadas/hata- 'roots of germinating seed'   look  under 'inhimillinen'
Fi. haira- 'err, confuse"   look  under 'häiritä'
  Fi. haja- 'dispersed'   look  under 'siemen'
seek, sake Fi. hakea 'fetch, seek' < Early Proto-Finnic *šaki-
Sw. söka 'seek, fetch' < PreG *sāg(e)ie/o > *sōk(i)je/a
           
  Fi. hako 'sprig of spruce'   look  under 'sanka'
Fi. halea, halia 'light green, greengrey'   look  under 'kelta'
  Fi. halja (-kka) 'light blue, bluegrey'   look  under 'kelta'
OE heolca Fi. halla 'night frost' < PreF *šalna
Baltic *šalna
Sw. hal, halka < MLG? 'slippery', 'slippery icy ground' < *ḱolH-n-eh2 
           
sallow Fi. halpa 'cheap, sub-standard'   look  under 'suola'
comb Fi. hammas 'tooth' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šampas
gomphosis<Gr. hampa- Baltic *žambas
Sw. kamm 'comb' < cf. PIE *ģombho-
           
goose Fi. hanhi 'goose' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šanši
Baltic *žansis
Sw. gås 'goose' < PIE *ģhh2ens
           
  Fi. hanka 'oarlock; gab; space between thumb and forfinger'   look  under 'sanka'
hair Fi. harja   < Middle Proto-Finnic *šarja-
Baltic *šar-ia-
Sw. hår 'hair' < PIE *ḱēr-
  Fi. hauta 'grave, pit'   look right below under 'sanka'
seethe,  Fi. hautoa 'bath, brood, seethe'' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šauto-
sodden Baltic šaut-
Sw. sjuda 'seethe'
         
seethe,  Fi. hauta 'grave, pit' < PreF *šauta-
sodden Sw. sjuda 'seethe' < Paleo-G *sauþa-
           
home Fi. heimo 'clan, family, tribe' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šaim-
Baltic šaim-
Sw. hem 'home' ↑ PIE ? *oimo-
or ↑ PIE ? *toimo-
         
home Fi. kaima 'namesake' < Middle? Proto-Finnic *kaima-
Baltic *kaima-
Sw. hem 'home' Gmc *kaim-
Both Baltic and Finnic eventually borrowed from depalatalized Gmc form. 
The development of meaning hints to the sequence Gmc. > Baltic > Finnic
           
Fi. heinä 'hay' < Early Proto-Finnic *šain- (~saami) < *Baltic šain- > Lith. šie͂nas, latv. siens (root not attested beyond Baltic)
  Fi. heittää 'throw, fling'   look  under 'siemen'
lukewarm, lee Fi. helle, helte- 'summer heat' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šelteš
caloric < Lat. Baltic *šiltas (?*šiltis?)
Sw. ljum < *ḱleh1-u-m- 'tepid'  PIE *ḱl(h1)-to-
           
Fi. helppo 'easy'   look  under 'kelvata'
  Fi. herhiläinen 'large wasp, hornet'   look  under 'sarvi'
corn, kernel Fi. herne 'pea' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šerneš
grain < Lat. < Balt. *žirnis
cf. Blt/Slv. *źirn-
Sw. korn, kärna 'barley' ; 'kernel' cf. PIE *ģrh2-no-
           
since Fi. hidas 'slow' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šitas
Latin serus Sw. sist 'last, latest' < ProtoGmc *sīþuz
Sw. sen 'late; slow'
side or ↑ ProtoGmc *sīđaz 
Fi. seula 'sieve, siffer, riddle' < Proto-Finnic *sēkla-
Sw. såll, sedan 'sieve, siffer, riddle'; 'later' < Early Gmc. *sēđla/*sēþla
Sw. sina 'deplete, go dry' < 'wither, fade'
  Fi. hieman 'a little'   look under 'siemen'
  Fi. hieta 'sand'   look under 'siemen'
  Fi. hinta 'price'   look  under 'sata'
  Fi. hirsi 'beam'   look  under 'karsina'
  Fi. hirvi, hirvas 'elk, moose',  'male hart'   look  under 'sarvi'
shine Fi. hoitaa 'look after, take care of, tend' < Earlyish Proto Finnic *čōj(i)-ta-
cf. hoiva Early PIr. *(s)tsāy-
cf. PI-Ir *sḱāyā́-
         The genetic relation between the Greco-Aryan forms and 
the NW-PIE-forms is controversial
Sw. skina, sken 'shine; glimmer, shining' PIE *sḱei-
shine Fi. suoja 'protection, shelter' < Proto Finnic *sōja-
Late PIr. *sāy-
Sw. skina, sken 'shine; glimmer, shining'
seal Fi. hylje, hylke(h)- 'seal'       (mammal with < Middle Proto-Finnic *šelk-eš
Sw. säl 'seal'               flippers)' < PreGmc. *selk-o- > *selχaz
PIE *selk- 'drag, pull'
  The Gmc. word has also been proposed to be a borrowing from Finnic
hid  Fi. hyvä 'good' < Middle Proto-Finnic *čivä-
Early PIr. *tsiva-
PI-Ir *ćiua-
Sw. hjon 'member of household' < PIE *ḱiua-
           
sorry, sore Fi. häiritä 'disturb, trouble, harrass' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šajri-/*šäjri-
ProtoGmc *sairijan
Sw. sår, såra 'wound; to insult, offend, hurt' <~
   
Fi. haira- 'err, confuse' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šajra-
? ProtoGmc *saira-
   
sore Fi. sairas 'ill, sick' < Late Proto-Finnic *sairas
          NWGmc *sairaz
Fi. Häme 'Häme (=Tavastia) province   look  under 'Suomi'
seat Fi. hätä 'emergency, distress' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šätä-
sit, set etc. Sw. såt (2.) 'ambush' PaleoGmc *sētā-
försåt 'ambush'
   
Fi. saatto 'haystack' < Late Proto-Finnic *saatto
Sw. såte m. Proto-Norse *sātō(n)
          or ↑  Old Sc. *sāta/*sātu
know(ledge) Fi. ihme 'miracle, wonder' < PreF *im-eš < **(j)im-eš
cunning Sw. kunskap 'knowledge' PIE *ģnh3-mV-
  kunna 'to be cunning'    
know(ledge) cunning Fi. kone 'machine; magical cure; trick, cunning; strange' < PreF *kon-eš
gnostic < Gr. Sw. kunskap 'knowledge' PreG *gn(h3)io-
    kunna 'to be cunning'   cf. PIE *ģn(h3)io- /*ģn(h3)iah2-
kin, kind Fi. inhi-m-illinen 'human' (> ihminen 'man') < PreF *inši- (**jinši-) 'descendant'
genus < Lat Sw. kön, konung 'kin, king' PIE *ģnh1-e/o- or *ģnh1-ie/o-
NB. The phonotaxis of **jinši-
was not possible in Pre-Finnic
         
kin, kind;    natal < Lat. Fi. syntyä 'to be born' < *sen-tü < PF-P *sentV- 'to be born, become, grow, increase'
Early PIr. dzen(h1)-
Sw. kön, konung 'kin, king' cf. PIE *ģenh1-
         
kin, kind Fi. hadas/hata- 'roots of germinating seed' < Middle Proto-Finnic *čata(s)
germinate<Lat. PIr. *dzātas past part.
cf. PI-I *j´āta-s
Sw. kön, konung 'kin, king'    
kin, kind Fi. kunnia 'honour' < Late Proto-Finnic *kunnia
Sw. kön, konung 'kin, king' < Gmc/ON *kunja
   
king Fi. kuningas 'king' < Late Proto-Finnic *kuningas/ kuninka-ha (see comment below)
Sw. kön, konung 'kin, king' < NWGmc *kuningaz
The Finnic phonotactics reveals a youngish borrowing, certainly not Paleo-Gmc.
  An older borrowing would render **kuni- + possibly some Finnic suffix
Fi. itää 'germinate' < Pre-Finnic *(j)i-tä- <- PIE g'eiH-d- > Lith žydė́ti
Tiu, Tues(day) Fi. juma-la 'god' < PreF *juma-
deity, diurnal PI-A *diumān-, *diumna-
Sw. Ty(r), tisdag name of god', 'Tuesday'
         
Tiu, Tues(day) Fi. toivo 'hope, forecast, belief' < Middle Proto-Finnic *tojvo-
deity, diurnal PI-A *dāiva-
Sw. Ty(r), tisdag 'name of god', 'Tuesday' cf. PIE *dēiuo-
         
Tiu, Tues(day) Fi. taivas 'heaven, sky' < Middle Proto-Finnic *tajvas
diurnal, deity ↑ PIr *daiua-
or probably not Baltic *deivas 
  Sw. Ty(r), tisdag 'name of god', 'Tuesday'
gust, gush Fi. juoda 'drink' < PFU *juχi- */juxi-/
funnel < Lat. PIA *ģuģhéu- *ģuģhú-
Sw. gjuta 'pour' cf. PIE root *ģheu-
           
wide Fi. juoni 'line, row; course, path, route; < Early Proto Finnic *jōni
intrigue, plot' PIA *iāna- (< PIE *h1ie-h2-n-)
Sw. vid 'wide' (< *ui-h1i-tó-) cf. PIE *h1ei-
ed 'istmus'  (< Gmc. *ai-da)
zein < Gr. Fi. jyvä 'grain, seed' < PF-P *jüvä < **jevä-
prolamine pro- PreBaltic=PIE (PreI-Ir) *ieuo-
tein derived 
from corn'
           
  Fi. järvi 'lake'   look  under 'udar'
go, gate Fi. jäädä  'stay, remain' < <PreF *jäχi-
heir < Lat. transitive jä+ttää 'leave, Early PI-A *ģeģhē-
release, dismiss'
Sw. gata, gå 'street, gate', 'go' cf. PIE  root *ģheh1-
           
  Fi. jäytää 'gnaw'   look  under 'syödä'
year Fi. jäärä/jaara 'ram' < Middle Proto-Finnic *järä-/*jara-
< Baltic *jeras
Sw. år 'year' PIE  *ieh1-ro
           
shear, scrape, Fi. kaarna 'bark' < Middle Proto-Finnic *karna-
scharp, scar Baltic *karna-
Sw. skära, skrapa, 'cut; scrub, scrape: sharp'
skarp
Sw. skarn or  Proto-Norse *skarna
         
share Fi. kirves 'ax' < Middle Proto-Finnic *kirves
Baltic *kirvis
Sw. skära 'sickle'
         
skerry < ON Fi. kari 'skerry'   Late Proto-Finnic/Old Finnic *kari
Sw. skär 'skerry' Late Proto-Norse *skarj(a)-
hew Fi. kaataa ’to fell, log, slay’; ’to pour’ < Pre-Finnic *kaxï-
Sw. hugga 'to fell, log; hew, slay' < NW Indo-European *keh2w-
Fi. haava 'wound' ("tällä haavaa" = 'this time')   Late Proto-Finnic *haava
Sw. hugg 'blow, hit' 'wound (dial.)'   Early Proto-Norse *hawwa-
  Fi. kahdeksan '8' < kahd(e)-teksan 'two less than ten' look  under '-teksa'
  Fi. kaima 'namesake'   look  under 'heimo'
ale Fi. kalja '(weak) beer' < PreF *kali-ja or *kali-ta
PIE *h2eleuio
Sw. öl 'beer' or PIE *h2el-u-(t)
ale Fi. olut 'beer' < Proto-Finnic *olut
Sw. öl 'beer' < Gmc. *aluþ (or baltic cognate)
elf Fi. kalvas, kalp- 'pale' < PreF *kalp-
Sw. älva; älv 'elf, river' < PIE *h2elbho-
Hanse<Germ. Fi. kansa 'people' < PreF *kansa
Sw. Hansan 'the Hansa' <   PaleoGmc. *kansā-
The direction of the borrowing most probably Gmc. => Finnic because -ns- did not exist in PFU
  Fi. kari 'skerry'   look  under 'kaarna'
harness, herald Fi. karja 'cattle, livestock' < Middle Proto Finnic *karja
harry, harbor Sw. här, härja 'army, host', 'harry, sack' Gmc. *χarja-
or Baltic *karja-
         
Fi. Karjaa, Karja(h)- '(topon.) ancient coastal parish 50 miles WSW from Helsinki' < Proto Finnic *Karjas-, *Karjah-
Sw. här, härja 'army, host', 'harry, sack' < Gmc. *χarjaz or *Χarjaz (name)
Karis <= Fi *Karjas 'name of same coastal parish'
(propably the village of 'Hīrdal' in same region is a false cognate)
yard Fi. karsina 'pen' < Middle Proto Finnic *kartina
garden Sw. gård, gärde 'yard, farm', 'field, fence' <~ Baltic *gardina-
yard, garden, Fi. hirsi 'beam' < Middle Proto-Finnic *širti-
court <Lat. Early Middle Slavic *džirdi-
Sw. gärde, gård 'yard, farm', 'field, fence' < cf. PIE *ģherdh-
edge, hammer Fi. kasa 'sharp point, edge' < PreF *kaća-
acrid < Lat. Sw. hammare, egg 'edge', 'hammer' < PIE *h2eḱieh2
    = *[]h2aḱiah2]
edge, hammer Fi. äes, äke- 'harrow' < Middle Proto-F *äkes-/*akes-
acrid < Lat. Baltic *aket-
Sw. egg 'edge'
ear, awn Fi. ohra 'barley' < Middle Proto-Finnic *oštra-
acrid < Latin Sw. ag (agg?), abborre Cladium Mariscus (grudge, anger);  Baltic
perch (Percus Fluvialis) cf. PIE h2eḱ-t-r-
ear, awn Fi. ohdake (=ohta+ke) 'thistle' < Middle Proto-Finnic *ošta- (+kkeš)
acrid < Latin Baltic *a(k)sta- / *a(k)šta-
or ↑ Proto Slavic *ōstь
Sw. ag (agg?), abborre Cladium Mariscus (grudge, anger);  cf. PIE h2eḱ-t-i- 
perch (Percus Fluvialis) *NB. I have exchanged the bad Baltic
&Slavic originals given by SSA & NSESK
ear, awn Fi. aaja 'end, limits, extreme' < Late Proto Finnic *akja-
Sw. agn 'husk, chaff' Gmc *aʒjō
ear, awn Fi. akana 'husk, chaff' < Late Proto Finnic *akana-
Sw. agn 'husk, chaff' Gmc *agano:
ashes Fi. kaski 'burnt-over clearing' < PreF *kaski / *kaśki
area, are < Latin Sw. aska 'ashes' < PIE/PreG *h2e(h1)sg-
ardent < Latin Fi. ahjo 'forge, furnace, hearth' < Proto-F *ašjo-
Sw. ässja 'forge' Gmc *asjōn-
ashes Fi. aho 'abandoned burnt over field' < Late Proto-F *ašo-
Sw. aska 'ashes' Gmc *az-V-/as-V-
ashes Fi. ahku 'cinder' < Late Proto-F *ašku-
Sw. aska 'ashes' Late PN *asku(n) (oblique case)
orGmc *azgōn
Ara < 'altar' Fi. arina 'fire-grate, furnace bed' < Late Proto Finnic *arina-
Sw. äril (dial. ären, arn-) 'stove, fireplace, bottom of baking oven' Late PN runic inscription
aRina 'altar for burned offering' 
from Gmc *azina-
woodwaxen Fi. kasvaa 'to grow' < PreF *kasva- (with metathesis)
augment <Lat. PIE *h2eugs-
Sw. växa 'to grow' < cf. PIE *h2uogs-
Sw. öka to increase' < cf. PIE *h2eug-
Sw. och and'
get, guess Fi. katsoa 'look' < Middle Proto-Finnic *kaćća-
Sw. (dial.) gäta 'watch' <~ NW Gmc. *gātija- <*gētija-
  Fi. kaula 'neck'   look  under 'kulke-'
shape Fi. kave, kape(h)- 'creature; mythological being; girl, maiden (myth)' < Middle Proto-Finnic *kap-eš-
Sw. skap n. pl. 'genitals' < Early Gmc *skapa-
hoof Fi. kavio 'hoof' < Early Proto-Finnic *kapa-ja-
Sw. hov 'hoof' < Paleo-Gmc *kāpa- > *χōfa-
PIE *ḱōph2o-
help Fi. kelvata, kelpa- 'be acceptable, be fit' < Middle Proto-F *kelpa-
Sw. hjälpa 'help' < Paleo-Gmc *kelba- (or >*χelpa-)
Fi. helppo 'easy' < Late Proto-Finnic *helppo-
Sw. hjälp 'help' NWGmc *helpō- PN. helpu-
yellow, gold, Fi. kelta 'yellow' < Middle Proto Finnic *kelta-
glimmer, <~ Northern Baltic *geltas
glitter etc.
Sw. gul, guld, 'yellow', 'gold', 'glimmer', cf. PIE *ģhelh3-to-
glimmer, glitter  'glitter'
yellow, glass, Fi. halja (-kka) 'light blue, bluegrey' < Middle Proto Finnic *šalja-
chlorite < Gr. Fi. halea, halia 'light green, greengrey' < Middle Proto Finnic *šaliða-
Northern Baltic *žalias
Sw. gul, glas 'yellow', glass' <~ PIE *ģholh3-io-
yellow, gold Fi. kulta 'gold' < Late Proto Finnic *kulta-
zloty < Polish Sw. guld 'gold' <~ Gmc *gulþa-
PIE *ģhlh3-to-
herd, shepherd Fi. kerta 'time (occasion), turn, once; layer' < PreF *kertä-
Baltic *kerdā-
Sw. hjord 'herd', 'bodyguard' < or PreGmc *kerdhā-
cf. PIE *ḱerdheh2-  'row, group'
is (to be), yes Fi. kesä 'summer' < PFU *kesä
essence < Lat. Sw. är 'is' <~ PIE *h1es-en- 
~ / *h1os-en-/-er-
  Fi. kirves 'ax'   look  under 'kaarna'
eye Fi. kokea 'to perceive, sense' < PU *koki-
optic etc < gr. Sw. öga 'eye' PIE *h3ekw-ie/o
  Fi. kone 'machine; magical cure; trick, cunning; strange'   look  under 'ihme'
wheel Fi. kulke- 'to go, wander, move' < PFU *kulki-
Sw. hjul, ?hals 'wheel', 'neck' <~ PIE *kwelH-e/o-
(wheel) ?hawse Fi. kaula 'neck' < Middle Proto-Finnic *kakla
Northern Baltic *kakla-s  'neck'
Sw. ?hals 'neck' <~ < PIE ?*kwokwlom? 
~*kwekwlo-?
  Fi. kulta 'gold'   look  under 'kelta'
  Fi. kuningas 'king'   look under 'inhi-millinen'
  Fi. kunnia 'honour'   look under 'inhi-millinen'
bequest, quoth, Fi. kutsua 'call' < PreF *kućć-
bequeath Sw. kväda, kväde 'speak, recite' ; 'saying, poem' PreGmc *gwet-i-
orBlt/Slv *kwaitia-
quail, kill Fi. kylmä 'cold' < PreF *kelmi- or *külmi-
quell Balt.*gel-u-má 
or ↑ PreBlt/Slv *gwel(h1)-mo-
Sw. kvalm, kval, smoke, steam'; 'anguish, tor-
kväll ment '; 'evening'
come, become, Fi. Kymi '(topon.) river in South. Finl.' < Proto-Finnic *kümi-
venue < Lat. Sw. bekväm, komma 'comfortable', 'come' Early Gmc. *kwēmia-
Sw. ?Kymmen hydronym in Arvika/Sunne Sweden 'accessible, navigable'
Sw. Kymmene <= Fi.? 'same river in Southern Finland' cf. PIE gwēmia
cook, kitchen Fi. kypsä 'ripe' < PreF *küpti- or *kepti-
peptic < Gr. Balt. *kep-tá or PreBalt. *kwep-tó
Sw. koka, kök 'cook', 'kitchen' < cf. PIE *pekw-tó- / *kwekw-tó-
hard, hardy Fi. kärsiä 'suffer, endure' < PreF *kärti-
cancer < Lat. Sw. (ut)härda 'harden (endure)' < Pre-Gmc *kart-i- >  arđ(w)ja- 
harrow Fi. kärväs; kärpä- 'trunk with branchstumps as rack'; '(also) grapnel' < Middle Proto-Finnic *kärpä-
Sw. harv 'harrow' < Early Proto-Gmc. *χarƀaz
shy Fi. köyhä 'poor' < Proto-Finnic *keüɧä-
Sw. skygg 'timid' Early Gmc *skeuχwa-
  Fi. laaka 'flat, plain'   look  under 'lieka' 
  Fi. laho 'decayed/rotten tree(-trunk)'    look  under 'lieka' 
  Fi. lahti 'bay' < Early Proto Finnic *lakti- (~saami] <- Proto-Baltic  > Lith. lañktis 'spool holder, yarn winder' cf. Latv. līcis 'bay' (not outside baltic)
less Fi. laiha 'lean, thin, meagre' < Middle Proto-Finnic *laiša-
least Sw. lite-n/-t, lilla 'small' < Baltic *laisas
land Fi. lansi 'lowland, low' < PreF *lonta/-mta  (*/lëmti-/??)
Sw. land 'land' <~ PreGmc. *londho-/lomdho-
glove Fi. lasta 'spattle, spatula, trowel' < Middle Proto-Finnic *lasta
Baltic *lāpstā
Sw.  lov; love, labb 'oarblade, tack'; 'palm of hand'
blade Fi. lehti 'leaf, sheet' < PreF *lešti
Sw. blad 'leaf, sheet, blade' < PIE/PreG *bhl(e)h1-tó
or(??)Baltic *lakštas
lie, lay, layer Fi. lieka 'tether'  < Middle Proto-Finnic *lēka
low, law, ledge Sw. låg, lag, ligga 'low, law, lie' < PaleoGmc. *lēgā
lie, lay, layer Fi. lieko 'windfallen tree, waterlogged/ decayed treetrunk'  < Middle Proto-Finnic *lēko
low, law, ledge Sw. låg, lag, ligga 'low, law, lie' < PaleoGmc. *lēgō or Gmc *lēʒō
lie, lay, layer Fi. laho 'decayed/rotten tree(-trunk)'  < Late Proto-Finnic *laɧo
low, law, ledge Sw. låg, lag, ligga 'low, law, lie' < NW Gmc. *lāʒō
lie, lay, layer Fi. laaka 'flat, plain' < Late Proto-Finnic *lāka
low, law, ledge Sw. låg, lag, ligga 'low, law, lie' <~ Proto-Norse *lāʒaR
  Fi. lohi 'salmon' < Early Proto-Finnic *loši- (~saami) <- Baltic *lašVš- > lith. lãšiš/lašišà, Latv. lasis (outside Baltic Germanic *laχs)
OE. hlūt(t)or Fi. luuta 'besom, broom' < Latvian? (Proto?-)Finnic *luuta-
Baltic  sluota- <*šlōta- or > *šlūta
Sw. lutter 'sheer, pure'
lot Fi. löytää 'to find, obtain' < Middle Proto-Finnic *leütä- <*levtä-
Sw. ljuta (lott n.) 'to encounter (death)' < ↑ Early Gmc. *χleuta-
<PIE *kl(e)u-d-
may, might Fi. mahtaa 'may, should'; 'boast, be mighty' < PreF *maš-ta-
machine < Gr. Sw. 'may' ? Early Gmc *maʒan
many Fi. maksaa 'to pay' < PFU *maksa- */måkså-/
PIr *ma(n)dza
Sw. mången 'many' < cf. PIE *men(e)gh-*mon(e)gh-
many Fi. moni 'many' < Pre-F *moni
Sw. mången 'many' ??? relation unclear/uncertain
cf. PIE *men(e)gh-*mon(e)gh-
malt Fi. mallas, malta- 'malt' < Middle Proto-Finnic *maltas-
Sw. malt 'malt' < PreGmc *maldaz
orGmc.*maltaz
melt, smelt Fi. melto (-rauta) 'weak', 'forgeable (iron)' < Middle-Proto-F *melto-
Sw. smälta (n.) 'molten metal' EarlyGmc. *melta-
or Early Gmc. *smelta-
murder Fi. marras 'bound to die, dead, etc.' < PreF *marta-s
mortal < Lat. Sw. mord 'murder' <~ PI-Ir *mrtá-s
murder Fi. murha 'murder' < Proto-Finnic *murɧa-
Sw. mord 'murder' <~> Gmc. *murþra-
moth Fi. mato 'worm' < PreF *mača-/*mačo-
Sw. mott 'moth' Early PIr *matsa
Sw. mask 'worm'
Gmc.  *muþþō- ← borrowed from Proto-Saami *m(u)očo-(j-) (cf. upper right)
Gmc.  *maþō- ?? ← borrowed from Middle Proto-Finnic *mača-/*mačo-
Gmc. not cognate to Indo-Iranian or Baltic
  Fi. mehi-läinen 'honeybee'   PFU *mekše- < PrI-Ir *mekši > OInd. mákṣi-kā (root not attested outside Indo-Iranian)
  Fi. melto (-rauta) 'weak', 'forgeable (iron)'   look  under 'mallas'
marsh, mere Fi. meri '(salt) sea' < Middle Proto-Finnic *meri
murmaid ↑ ?Baltic *mari- < PIE *mori-
The vowel correspondance is bad
but corresponds to reki < *rāge-
mead Fi. mesi, mete-  'honey' < PFU *meti-
Sw. mjöd 'mead' <~ Early PI-Ir *medhu
mid(dle) Fi. metsä 'forest' < PreF *meććä-
medial < Lat Baltic *media- 'woods on outskirts/fringeland'
Sw. mid-, medel 'mid', 'mid, means' cf. PIE *medhio-/medhi-
  Fi. moni 'many'   look  under 'maksaa'
marten<Romance Fi. morsian 'bride' < Middle Proto-Finnic *mortian
Baltic *marti(j)a-
Sw. mård 'marten'
meet(ly),must Fi. muoto 'shape, form' < Middle-Proto-F *mōto-
mode, model, Sw. mäta, mått 'measure (v.), (n.)' <~ PreGmc. *mōda-
modify < Lat. orGmc.*mōta-
  Fi. murha 'murder'   look  under 'marras'
mean, miss(-) Fi. myy-/myö- 'to sell, to give' < PU *meχi- */mexi-/
mutate, com- Sw. men, men- 'harm, detriment', 'harmful' < PIE *h2mei(H)-
mute, mutual,  gemen(-sam) 'joint, common'
migrate < Lat. missa, miss- 'to miss', 'miss-'
  Fi. naa-ras 'female (of animal)'   look  under 'marras'
queen Fi. nai-nen 'woman' < PU *näχi- (> *naχï-) (*/näxi/naxï/)
Fi. naa-ras 'female (of animal)' PIE *gwneh2-
Sw. kvinna (kona) 'woman' < cf. *gwenh2-
nave, navel Fi. napa 'navel; hub, nave; pole' < Middle Proto-Finnic *napa-
Baltic *naba-
Sw. nav, navel 'hub; navel' < or ↑ Gmc *naƀō- (cf. *naƀalō-)
cf. PIE h3(e)nobh-
auger Fi. napakaira 'auger' < Late Proto-Finnic *napakaira-
Sw. navare 'auger' < Proto-Norse *naƀagaiRa- 
need/OE neod Fi. nauta 'cattle' < Middle Proto-Finnic *navta-
contamination Sw. nöt 'cattle' < PreGmc. *nauda- 
of unrelated orGmc.*nauta-
words, 'neod'
is true cognate
need/OE neod Fi. nauttia 'consume, enjoy' < Late Proto-F *nautti-
Sw. nöta wear (out/off), enjoy' < Gmc. *naut(i)ja-
  Fi. neula 'needle'   look just below under 'niisi'
needle Fi. niisi, niide- 'heddle' < Middle Proto-Finnic *nīti-
snood Baltic *nīti-
Sw. nåt, nål, snöre, 'seam, joint', 'needle', 'wind, twist', cf. PIE (s)nh1i-t-i-
sno, naja < Holl. 'string', 'lash, bind'
needle Fi. neula 'needle' < Proto-Finnic *nēkla-
Sw. nål, nåt 'needle' < Early Gmc. *nēþla
name Fi. nimi 'name' < PU *nimi
name Sw. namn 'name' <~ PIE *(H)nmen- (oblique stem)
  Fi. ohdake (=ohta+ke) 'thistle'   look  under 'kasa'
  Fi. ohra 'barley'   look  under 'kasa'
  Fi. oinas 'castrated ram'   look  under 'uuhi'
  Fi. olut 'beer'   look  under 'kalja'
angle, Angle Fi. onki 'fish hook' < PreF *onki
English Sw. angel, ankare 'fish hook', 'english' PreGmc *anga-n < *onko-
orPIA *anká-
wish, win Fi. onni 'happiness, luck, fortune' < PreF *vonni-
winsome, Sw. önskan, vän, 'wish', 'friend' <~ PreG *wn(H)iā-
Venus < Lat. under, vänta 'wonder', 'wait' <PIE *u(e)nH-
awl Fi. ora thorn, prickle, awl' < PFU *ora- */orå-/
PI-Ir *ārā  
Sw.  ål (archaic) 'awl' < Late PIE *ēlā
else Fi. orja 'slave' < PreF *orja- 
alias < Lat. PI-A *arí- 'alien (> host)'
Aryan, Iran <OInd./Farsi Sw. eljest, elände, 'else/otherwise, Aryan, Iran' cf. Gmc. *'gastiz' ~ Lat. 'hostis'
eller, arier, Iran
OR ALTERNATIVELY:          
work Fi. orja 'slave' PreF *worja-
urge < Latin Sw. verk 'work, deed', 'works' PIE *uorģó-
work Fi. pyrkiä ‘strive, work for’    Middle Proto-Finnic *pürki- / *purki
urge < Latin Sw. yrka 'call for, urge, press for' Early Gmc. *wurkija-
cf. PIE *urģ-
orphan < gr. Fi. orpo, orpa-na 'orphan' < PFU *orpa-  */orpå-/
robot < czech PIA or PIr *arbha-s
Sw. arvode, arbete 'remuneration < work' ; 'work' < PIE *Hórbho- 'deprived'
orphan < gr. Fi. arpa 'allotment, lot, dice, die' < Middle Proto-F *arpa-
Sw. arv 'inheritance, allotment' <~ Gmc. *arƀ(i)a-
enough Fi. osa 'part, share' < PreF *ośa < *onśå
enough PI-A *anća- 
cf. PIE *h2onḱ-o- 
Sw. nog 'enough' cf. PIE *h2nōḱ-o- 
ware (noun) Fi. os-taa v. 'to buy' < PFU *wosa */woså/ 'merchandise'
Sw. vara 'merchandise' < PIE *uosā < *uoseh2
For Germanic cognates see Kluge/Seebold s.v. "Ware"
ware (noun) Fi. varasto 'warehouse' < Late Proto-F *vara-sto
Sw. varuhus 'department store' <~ ?↑? Proto Norse *warō-hūsa-
or ?↑? Proto Norse *wara- look below under Fi vara 'spare, extra'
end Fi. otsa 'forehead' < PreF *onćća-
end Sw. än, ände, ännnu, 'even', 'end', 'still' <~ Early Gmc. *anþia-z < *ántio-
änne (arch. dial.) 'forehead' cf. PIE *h2entiós 'above, last'
arctic < Latin Fi. otso (ohto) 'bear' < PreF *okti-
ursine < Latin ?Western IE *(h2)ŗkstós 
(presumably Pre-Germanic)
cf. early PIE *h2ŗtsḱós
The expected substitution of syllabic -ŗ- would be /-or-/ but **orkti  
would be impossible because PreF does not allow any cluster of 
three consonants. The stemvowel is expected in the oldest loans.
fold Fi. palsi 'hard layer of soil'; 'dry edge of clay or gravel' < PreF *palti-
fauteuil Sw. fåll 'hem' < Early Gmc. *falþa- < *pol-to-
spleen Fi. perna 'spleen' < Middle Proto-Finnic *perna
< romance PIr *sprz-n- (weak stem)
cf. PIE *splǵʰ-n-
farrow Fi. porsas (little) pig, piglet' < PreF *porćas
pork < Lat. Blt/Slv *parśas 
or ↑ NWPIE *porḱos
full, plenary, Fi. pullea 'plump, chubby' < Early Proto-Finnic *puln-
folk, plenty Sw. full 'full' < PaleoGmc. *fulna-
ball, bowl, bull Sw. boll, bulle, bula ??or PaleoGmc. *buln-
spin, spider Fi. punoa 'to plait, twine, spin'  < PU *punå- (*punï-)
Sw. spinna 'to spin' <~ PIE *pnH-e/o ~*spenH-
borer Fi. pura borer, awl' < PU *purå(-)
Sw. borr 'drill' < PIE *bhrH-
board Fi. pursi '(small) yacht', 'vessel' < Middle Proto-Finnic *purti-
cf. 'on board' Sw. (om)bord '(on) board' < Early Gmc. *burđa-
beam Fi. puu 'tree, wood' < PU *puxï-
<~ PIE *bhuH-/bhouH-
  Fi. pyrkiä ‘strive, work for’    look  under 'orja'
forbid, bid Fi. pöytä 'table' < Middle Proto-F *beütä-
Buddha<OInd. Sw. bjuda 'to bid, offer, command' Early Gmc *beuđa-(z)
right Fi. raaja 'limb' < Earlyish Proto-Finnic *rakja
rake, rack Sw. räcka, rätt extend, stretch out, reach; be sufficient'; 'right, justice' < Early Gmc *rakja-
rand Fi. rasia 'small box' < Middle Proto-Finnic *ranćia (?*rantia)
Sw. rand, rände 'brim, brink', 'frame brim' < Early Gmc. *randia
round, roll, Fi. ratas, ratta(h)- 'wheel', (pl) 'cart' < Middle Proto-Finnic *rattas-
rotate < Lat. Sw. ratt 'steering wheel' < Balt *ratas
PIE *(H)roth2-o-
ride Fi. ratsas-(taa) rider' ('to ride') < Late PreF *raććas
ready, road Sw. reda, redan, redd, 'prepare', 'already'; 'roadstead', < Early Gmc. *raiđia-
 redo, räd, rida 'ready', 'raid', 'ride'
red, rust Fi. rauta 'iron' < Pre-F *ravta- (or Proto-F *rauta-)
robust < Lat. Sw. röd, rost 'rust, red' < Paleo Gmc.*rauda-
or ↑ Blt/slv.or Early Mid.Slv *raudā-
cf. PIE *h1roudh-o-
rust Fi. ruoste 'rust' < Proto-Finnic *rost-eš
Sw. rost 'rust' < Gmc *rusta- = *[rosta-]?
read, hatred, kindred Fi. rehto 'row, line; side; stratum' < PreF *rešto
reason < romance Sw. rad 'row, stack, pile' < PIE *h2rh1-to- / *h2rh1-teh2-
brow, Fi. reuna 'edge' < Middle Proto-Finnic *revna
?bridge Northern Baltic *breuna-
Sw. bryn<*brūniR (pl.) 'edge, brow' < cf. PIE *h3bhreuH-neh2?
fresh Fi. rieska   < Proto-Finnic or later? *re(e)ska-
Northern Baltic *preiska-
Sw. färsk, frisk < or Later Baltic *prieska-
wry, wriggle Fi. rihma 'filament, thread' < Middle Proto-Finnic *rišma-
wrist, wrestle < Baltic *rišima-/*rišama-
cf. verb *rišti 'tie, bind'
Sw. vricka, vrist 'sprain, twist, scull'; 'ankle'; cf. PIE *uriḱ-tei 'twist, weave,
?vränga 'turn inside out, distort, twist'  tie together'
grow, grass Fi. rohto 'medical plant, green herb' < PreF *rošto-
Sw. grodd 'germ (shoot)' < PreG *ghroH-tu-
or ↑ PreG *ghroH-to-(n-)
grass, grow Fi. ruoho 'grass' < Proto-Finnic *rōho-
Sw. gräs 'grass' < Gmc *grōsō-
rye Fi. ruis, ruki- 'rye' < Proto-Finnic *rukis
Sw. råg 'rye' Gmc *ruʒiz
orBaltic *rugiz
  Fi. ruoho 'grass'   look  under 'rohto'
  Fi. ruoste 'rust'   look  under 'rauta'
school < Gr. Fi. saa-da get, receive, achieve' < PreF *sëχi-
scheme < Gr. ?↑ Pre I-Ir *seģh-
Sw. seger 'victory' < cf. PIE *seģh-
skola 'school'
  Fi. sairas 'ill, sick'   look  under 'häiritä'
gallows Fi. salko 'long thin pole' < PreF *śalka (< *śëlka < *śïlka)
Sw. galg 'gallows' < ?↑ Late PIE *ģhalgha-
?↑ PIE *ģholgho-
?> PIE *ģhlg(h)o- >
still, stalk, Fi. salvata, salpa- 'to hinder, stall, stop' < Middle Proto-Finnic *salpa-
stall, stilt, etc. Sw. stolpe 'pole' <~ Early Gmc. *stalpa-
PIE *stol-b-o-
Fi. tulppa 'plug, stopper' < Proto-Finnic *tulppa
Sw. stolpe 'pole' < Gmc. *stulpan-
stump Fi. sammas 'statue, column (myth. upholding the firmament)' < PreF *sampa-s
PI-A *stambhas
Sw. stump 'remaining stump of cut off' <~ PIE *st(e)mbh- (~*st(e)mb-?)
hinge (hang) Fi. sanka 'bail, handle' < Pre-Finnic *śaŋka- (*ćaŋka-)
false cognate with Late PIE *ḱanku- or *ḱanka-
semantic interference
for true cognate, see: Sw. (dial.) hå 'oarlock; cove' < Gmc *hanha- (or *hanhu-)
or Pokorny p.523
Fi. hanka 'oarlock; gab; space between thumb and forfinger' < Late Proto-Finnic *ɧanka-
Sw. (dial.) hå 'oarlock; cove' Gmc/PN *χanga- or *χangu-
Fi. hako 'sprig of spruce' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šako-
Baltic *šaka-
It is not sure whether this third etymology is truly
cognate to the former two above
horn, hart Fi. sarvi 'horn' < PFU *śorwa- */śorwå-/
PI-A *śrva or PIr *śraw-/*śårw-  
Sw. horn, hjort 'horn, hart' < PIE *ḱer(h2)u-o-
(horn), hart Fi. hirvi, hirvas 'elk, moose',  'male hart' < Middle Proto-Finnic *širv-
reindeer < ON Baltic širw-
Sw. hjort, ren 'hart', reindeer'
hornet Fi. herhiläinen 'large wasp, hornet' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šerši-
Baltic *širš-
PIE * ḱr(h2)s-en-
hundred Fi. sata 'hundred' < PFU *śata */śåtå/ or */śïtå/
PI-Ir *ćata- or PIA śatá-
Sw. hundra 'hundred' < PIE *ḱmtóm
hundred Fi. hinta 'price' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šimta-
Sw. hundra 'hundred' East Baltic *šimta-
  Fi. sata-ma 'boat-shore, harbour'   look under 'sietää'
stack Fi. sauna 'sauna, Finnish steam bath' < Proto-Finnic *sakna- 'sauna stove (< stone stack)'
Sw. stack 'stack' < Early Gmc. *staʒna-
  Fi. saura 'pole, stake, stick'   look under 'sietää'
side Fi. seula 'sieve, siffer, riddle'   look under 'hidas'
seed, sow Fi. siemen 'seed' < Middle Proto-Finnic *sēmen-
disseminate, Baltic. *sē-men-
season < Lat. Sw. säd, så 'seed', 'sow' < cf. PIE *seh1-
Fi. heittää 'throw, fling' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šej-ttä-
Sw. så, säd 'sow', 'seed' < Early Gmc. *sēja-/*sēje-
cf. PIE *seh1-
Fi. hieman 'a little' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šēma-
Sw. så, säd, sämre 'sow', 'seed' < Early Gmc. *sēma-
Fi. hieta 'sand' < Middle Proto-Finnic *šēta-
Sw. så, säd 'sow', 'seed' < Early Gmc. *sēdō-
Fi. haja- 'dispersed' < (Late) Middle Proto-Finnic *šaja-
Sw. så, säd 'sow', 'seed' < North-West Gmc. *sāja-
cf. PIE *seh1-
stand Fi. sietää 'bear, tolerate' < Middle Proto-Finnic *sē-tä-
Sw. stå; stå ut (med) 'stand; endure, last, bear, tolerate, suffer' < Early Gmc. ?*stē-an
stead Fi. sata-ma 'boat-shore, harbour' < Middle Proto-Finnic *sata-
station < Lat. Sw. -stad (landing/berthing) place' < Early Gmc. *staþa
stow, stern, Fi. saura 'pole, stake, stick' < Middle Proto-Finnic *sapra
store < Lat. Sw. stör 'pole, stake, stick' < Gmc. *staura-
staurolite<Gr.
stool, stative Fi. talas, talo scaffold; house, shed' < PFU *tala-
Sw. stol 'chair; stool' PaleoGmc *stāla-s 'scaffold'
stall Sw. stall stall 'stable' or Gmc *stalla-z 'scaffold' 
Tellus, tellurian orPIA *tala-s- 'base, platform'
look also under 'talas, talo'
sty Fi. sija 'site, place, locality' < Middle Proto-Finnic *sija-
Sw. (svin)-stia '(pig)-sty' < Early Gmc. *stījā
sister Fi. sisar 'sister' < PreF *sisar-
cousin < Lat. Baltic *sesor
Sw. syster 'sister' cf. PIE *sue-(h1)es(ō)r
cereal < Lat. Fi. sora 'gravel' < PreF *śora- or *ćora
Sw. hirs 'millet' ↑ PIE *ḱoro-
son Fi. suku 'family' < PreF *suki- (verb)
PIE *suH-
Sw. son 'son' < PIE *suH-nu-
  Fi. suoja 'protection, shelter'   look under 'hoitaa'
salt Fi. suola 'salt' < PreF *soola- (or *sola-)
saline < Lat. < Blt/slv. *sālas / *sal-
PIE *sh2el-/*seh2l-o- 
Sw. salt 'salt'
sallow Fi. halpa 'cheap, sub-standard' < Middle Proto Finnic *šalpa
Sw. salskrake < Gmc *salwa-
hole, holster, hall, hell Fi. suoli 'intestine, gut' < PFU *śola- */śolå-/ or *ćola- (/-å-/) 
cell < Lat Sw. hål, hall, 'hole', 'hall' < ↑ PIE *ḱolo-
hölja, hölster 'cover', 'holster' or ↑ Pre-I-A *ćōlā-
human < Lat. Fi. Suomi 'Finland (-proper province)' < PreF *ćoma-
(bride)g(r)oom Sw. (brud)gum 'bridegroom' <~ ↑ PIE *(dhhmōn-
gumm-(a) f. '(elderly) woman'
humus < Lat. Fi. Häme 'Häme (=Tavastia) province < PreF *šäm-eš < *šämä-
chthonic < Gr. Sw. same 'saami (lapp)' <= Saami lang. ↑ ??Baltic *žeme-
cf. PIE *(dhhem-
or more likely Gmc. *[sæmaz]
sinew Fi. suoni 'blood vessel, sinew' < PFU *sïïni- < PU *sïHnï- 
Sw. sena 'sinew' < PIE *sHi-nu-
hound Fi. susi, sute- 'wolf' < PreF *śunti- or *ćunti-
Sw. hund 'dog' < ?↑ PreG/PIE *ḱun-to-
or ?↑ Blt-Slv *śun-to-
  Fi. syntyä 'to be born'   look  under 'inhimillinen'
chew Fi. syödä 'eat' < PFU *sewi-
Early PIr *dziewie-
Sw. tugga  < *kuggja 'chew' < PIE *ģieuH-
chew Fi. jäytää 'gnaw' < PreF *jev-tä
Sw. tugga  < *kuggja 'chew' <~ Early Blt/Slv *ģieu-ie-
thorn Fi. taarna 'Carex, Cladium Mariscus' < PF-P *tarna-
< PI-Ir, PIA or PIr *trná- 'grass'
Sw. törne 'thorn'
  Fi. taivas 'heaven, sky'   look  under 'jumala'
  Fi. takiainen 'bur, burdock'   look  under 'taula'
Tellus, tellurian Fi. talas, talo scaffold; house, shed' < PFU *tala-
look also under 'sietää' < PIA *tala-s- 'base, platform'
stool, stage, stative stol or PaleoGmc *stāla-s 'scaffold'
stall stal or Gmc *stalla-z 'scaffold' 
or ↑ ?Baltic *tal-
fever < Latin Fi. taula 'tinder'   Earlyish Proto-Finnic *takla-
day? Baltic *dagla-
day?
PIE *dhōgʷho-s
Sw. dag < Gmc. *dagaz < PIE*oǵʰes-
(A contaminated form)
foment Fi. takiainen 'bur, burdock' < Middle Proto-Finnic *takia- (takkia-)
< Baltic *dagija-
do, deed Fi. teke- (teh-dä) 'to do, make' < PFU *teki-
fact < Lat. Sw. dåd 'deed' < PIE *dheh1-
(do), deed Fi. teho 'effect' < PreF *tešt-o < deriv. *tešti
Sw. dåd 'deed' PIE *dheh1-tí
do, deed Fi. tehdas, tehta- 'store, nest; workplace' < PreF *teštas
Sw. dåd 'deed' PIE *dheh1-tós
ten Fi. -teksa in yhdeksän '9', kahdeksan '8' < yhd(e)-teksän 'one less than ten' < kahd(e)-teksan 'two less than ten' < PreF *teksä-
Sw. tio 'ten' <~> Early PIr *detsa-
(< PIE *déḱmt)
NB. yksi, yhte-/yhde- means '1'
 kaksi, kahte-/kahde- means '2'
tar Fi. terva 'tar' < Middle Proto-Finnic *terva-
tree, true, trust Baltic *derva-
Sw. tjära, trä, tröst 'tar', 'tree', 'comfort (<trust)' < or ↑ Gmc *terwōn-
  Fi. toivo 'hope, forecast, belief'   look  under 'jumala'
tame Fi. tosi, tote-lla ; ~> tot-tu- 'true, earnest'; 'to obey' ; ~> 'get accustomed to' < PreF *tomti-
Sw. tam, tame', <~ PIE *dmh2-tó-
tämja 'domesticate'
thousand Fi. tuha-t, -nte- 'thousand' < PreF *tušanti-
thigh, thumb Baltic *tušant-
Sw. tusen(-de) 'thousand'
tumme
  Fi. tulppa 'plug, stopper'   look  under 'salvata'
donate, Fi. tuoda 'bring' < PU *toχï- (*/toxï-/)
endow < Lat. Sw. donera <Latin 'donate' < PIE *deh3-
dip, deep Fi. tuppi 'sheath' < Earlyish Proto-Finnic *tuppi
Sw. doppsko 'chape, sheath; ferrule; casing' < Early Gmc *duppa- 
dwell Fi. tuuli, tuule- 'wind'; v.'blow' (of wind) < *tuχlï- (*/tuxli-/) > PF-P *tuuli- 
down Sw. dun 'down', 'tiny feather' ↑ PIE *dhuH-li-      'to reel, dissipate, blow'
dvala, dväljas 'drowse, doze, lethargy', 'dwell'
dyner 'dunes' (not accepted as cognate in English sources)
döv 'deaf''
  Fi. tyhjä   < Early-Proto-Finnic tuši- (~saami) <- Baltic tušč- > Lith  tuščias, latv. tukšs (root not attested outside Baltic)
daughter Fi. tytär, tyttäre- 'daughter' < PreF *tüktäre-
Baltic *dugter-
Sw. dotter 'daughter' PIE *dhugh2tēr
udder Fi. udar, utare- 'udder' < PF-P *uđa-re
PIA *ū'dhar
cf. ?PIE *h1(e/o)uh1dh-r-/-en-?
Sw. juver<jugher 'udder' <~
udder Fi. järvi 'lake' < PreF *jävrä- > Proto-Finnic *järv-
urine < Lat. Sw. yra ''whirl (of snow)' <~> Blt./Slv. or Baltic *jaura-
PIE ?*iouh1r-
(chronology of metathesis corrected by me,
parallell *kov+ra > korva 'ear', cf. NSESK)
udder Fi. virta 'stream, current' < Middle Proto-Finnic *virta
urine < Lat. Sw. yra ''whirl (of snow)' <~> Blt./Slv. *virtā or *virta
or Early Middle Slavic
orBaltic
PIE *uh1r-t-
ewe Fi. uuhi 'mother sheep' < PFU *(χ)uwi-či
PIE *h2oui-s 'sheep'
ewe Fi. oinas 'castrated ram' < Middle Proto-Finnic oinas
Baltic *awinas
wasp Fi. vaapsahainen 'wasp (dial. also bee)' < Middle Proto-Finnic *vapsa-
Baltic *waps-
Sw. väfsse (dial.) 'hornet' cf. PIE *wobhes-/*wops-
wax Fi. vaha 'wax' < Middle Proto-Finnic *vakša-
Baltic *wakša- (before metathesis)
Sw. vax 'wax' cf. PIE *uog-so-?
wand Fi. vanne, vante- 'band, rim' < PreF *vant-eš-
Sw. vant 'shroud' < Early Gmc. *wandiz
cf. *wanduz
voice Fi. vannoa 'swear' < Middle Proto-Finnic *vatno-
epos < EarlyGmc *waχw-na-
cf. PIE *Hwekw-
wary Fi. vara 'attentiveness; allowance; spare, extra etc.' < Proto-Finnic *vara
aware Sw. vara, varse, varsam 'care; aware; careful, prudent, wary' < Gmc *wara-z 
wary, to ward Fi. varrota, vartoa 'wait' < Proto Finnic *varto-
guard <Rom. Sw. vårda 'nurse, tend' < Gmc. *warđōn
ward Fi. vartio 'guard' < Late Proto Finnic *vartio
Sw. vård 'attention, watch, protection; care, custody' < Gmc *warđija-
  Fi. varasto 'warehouse'   look  under 'os-taa'
  Fi. varrota, vartoa 'wait' < look  under 'vara'
  Fi. vartio 'guard' < look  under 'vara'
  Fi. vas-a (-ikka) 'calf'   look  under 'vuosi'
wake, watch Fi. vasara 'hammer' <'cult. battleax'? < PreF *vaśa-ra
vigor/vigil< Lat. ↑ PreIr *vaźara < PIE *uoģ-ero-?
Sw. vaka, vakta 'wake', 'watch' <~ PIE *uoģē
  Fi. vehmaro 'pole of a team of draught oxen'   look  under 'viedä'
water Fi. vete- (vesi) 'water' < PU *weti-
↑ PIE *wed- (root noun) or *wedōr
Sw. vatten 'water' < <~> *wod-r/wed-n-)
våt 'wet'
(OE) weotuma Fi. vetä- 'to draw, pull, tug' < PFU *wetä-
='dowry' <~ PIE *wedh-e/o-
weigh Fi. viedä 'lead, carry, take, bring, convey' < PFU *wiχi- /*wixi/
way Sw. väga, väg 'weigh, way' PIE *ueǵʰ-e/o-
wagon, way Fi. vehmaro 'pole of a team of draught oxen' < Middle Proto-Finnic *vešma-
vehicle < Lat. Baltic *vežima-
Sw. vagn, väg 'wagon; way'
  Fi. Viena 'Northern Dvina'   look  under 'Väinä'
two, between Fi. viha 'hatred, hostility' < PF-P *viša-
twist PI-A *dvis-
Sw. tvist 'dispute'
virus Fi. vih-er ; viha-nta 'green, grow; poison' < PF-P *viša-
PI-A/PIr *viša-
wool Fi. villa 'wool' < Middle Proto-Finnic *vilna-
Baltic *wilna-
Sw. ull ''wool' < cf. PIE *ulneh2
word Fi. virsi 'church hymn' < Middle Proto-Finnic *virti-
verb < Lat. Baltic *vird-
Sw. ord 'word' <~ cf. PIE *urh1-dh
cf. PIE *uerh1-dh
cf. PIE *ureh1-
  Fi. virta 'stream, current'   look under 'udar'
  Fi. vitja 'chain, leach'   look just below under 'vitsa'
withy, withe Fi. vitsa 'willow twig', 'withe, birch' < (Late) PreF *vićća
Sw. vidja, vide 'willow, withy' <~ Early Gmc *wiþjō- < *witjā-
or ↑ Early Gmc *wiþja- < *witjo-
withe, withy Fi. vitja 'chain, leach' < Proto Finnic *vitja-
Sw. vidja, vide 'willow' <~ Late Gmc *wiþja- or *wiþjōn-
ointment, Fi. voi 'butter' < PFU *(w)ōji- < *ojV- ?
unction, Early PIA *ag'ya- / *āg'ya
anoint <Lat. cf. PIE *h3engw-ie/o
  Fi. vuohi 'goat'   look  under 'ajaa'
rise, raise Fi. vuori 'hill, mountain, hight' < PF-P *vōri- (< PFU *orV-?)
PIA *aras- or arah
Sw. res (in topon.) 'elevation, hight' cf. PIE *h1er(H)-os-/-es-
entry: RES (sbst2) 
wether; veal, Fi. vuosi 'year' < PreF *vōti- (< *votV-?)
veteran < Lat. PIA *vatas- or vatah
Sw. vädur 'ram' cf. PIE *uetos-/*uetes-
wether, Fi. vas-a (-ikka) 'calf' < PreF *vasa-
veal < Lat. PIr (PreOssetic) *vasa < *vat-sa
Sw. vädur 'ram'
Dvina (west.) Fi. Väinä 'Western Dvina' < PreF *Väjnä- or Proto-F *Väinä-
Sw. Dvina 'Western Dvina' Early Middle Slavic *dvæinā
Dvina (north.) Fi. Viena 'Northern Dvina' < Late Proto-F *Vēna
Sw. Dvina 'Northern Dvina' ?↑? ?Late Middle Slavic *dvēnā
  Fi. yhdeksän '9' < yhd(e)-teksän 'one less than ten' look  under '-teksa'
  Fi. äes, äke- 'harrow'   look  under 'kasa'
           
Aikio 2006 (SUSA)
Kalima, Jalo 1936: Itämerensuomalaisten kielten balttilaiset lainasanat. [‘The Baltic Loanwords in the Baltic-Finnic Languages’]. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran Toimituksia 202. Helsinki.
Kallio, Petri, 2006: On the Earliest Slavic Loanwords in Finnic.  The Slavicization of the Russian North: Mechanisms and Chronology. Die Slavisierung Nordrusslands: Mechanismen und Chronologie.
Kallio, Petri, 2006b: On the "Early Baltic" Loanwords in Common Finnic. Evidence and Counter-Evidence: Essays in Honour of Frederik Kortlandt 1. Balto-Slavic and Indo-European Linguistics, pp. 265-277. Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics 32
Koivulehto, Jorma 1983: Suomalaisten maahanmuutto indoeurooppalaisten lainasanojen valossa. – Journal de la Societé Finno-Ougrienne, Suomalais-Ugrilaisen seuran Aikakausikirja 78 s.107-132. Helsinki.
Koivulehto 1984: Itämerensuomalaiset-germaaniset kosketukset. – Gallén, Jarl – Åström, Sven-Erik (eds.) 1984  (1980): Suomen väestön  esihistorialliset juuret. 
Tvärminnen sympoosiumi 17.-19.1.1980.  Bidrag till  kännedom av Finlands Natur och Folk 131. Helsinki – Helsingfors: Societas Scientarum Fennica. Pages. 191-203.
Koivulehto, Jorma 1991, Koivulehto, Jorma: Uralische Evidenz für die Laryngaltheorie. Veröffentlichungen der Komission für Linguistik und 
Kommunikationsforschung nr. 24. Wien (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften) 1991. ISBN 3-7001-1794-9. 
Koivulehto, Jorma 1999:  Varhaiset indoeurooppalaiskontaktit: aika ja paikka lainasanojen valossa.  Fogelberg, Paul (ed.) 1999: Pohjan poluilla. Suomalaisten juuret 
nykytutkimuksen mukaan, Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands Natur och Folk 153. Helsinki - Ekenäs: Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten - Suomen Tiedeseura. Pages 207-236.
Koivulehto Jorma, 2001 The Earliest Contacts between IE and Uralic Speakers. Carpelan, Christian; Parpola, Asko & Koskikallio, Petteri (eds.): Early Contacts 
between Uralic and Indo-European: Linguistic and Archeological Considerations. Helsinki (Mémoires de la Societé Finno-Ougrienne *242*) 2001. Pages 235-263.
Koivulehto, Jorma 2002: Contact with non-Germanic languages II. Relations to the east. – Oskar Bandle (toim.). The Nordic languages: An international handbook of
 the history of the North Germanic languages: Volume I pages 583-594. Berlin – New York: Walter de Gruyter.
Koivulehto 2009 (SUSA)
LÄGLOS = Lexikon der älteren germanischen Lehnwörter in der ostseefinnishen Sprachen 1991, 1996, ..
NSESK = Häkkinen, Kaisa. Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja. 4. painos 2007 [2004]
Parpola, Asko 1999 (1997): Varhaisten indoeurooppalaiskontaktien ajoitus ja paikannus kielellisen ja arkeologisen aineiston perusteella. Fogelberg, Paul (ed.) 1999: Pohjan poluilla. Suomalaisten
 juuret nykytutkimuksen mukaan, Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands Natur och Folk 153. Helsinki - Ekenäs: Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten - Suomen Tiedeseura. Pages 207-236.
SSA = Suomen sanojen alkuperä. Etymologinen sanakirja. 1992-2000
Schalin 2004 (Virittäjä)
Schalin 2008a (Finsk tidskrift 8/2008)
Schalin 2008b (Sananjalka 50/2008)
UEW = Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (Rédei 1988)
Potential words to be added
< Indo-European and Indo-Iranian (> 19)
ahnas < Indo-Iranian?
aivan < Indo-Iranian?
apu < Indo-Iranian?
arvo < Indo-Iranian?
ihan < Indo-Iranian?
iho < Indo-Iranian?
jama < Indo-Iranian?
kehrä < Indo-Iranian?
kota < Indo-Iranian?
kutoa < PIE
maa < Indo-Iranian?
mana < Indo-Iranian?
oja < Indo-Iranian?
sataa < PIE 
sitoa < Indo-Iranian?
sota < Indo-Iranian?
suoda < Indo-Iranian?
takra < Indo-Iranian?
vanka < Indo-Iranian?
< Balto-Slavic   (> 109)
aarto < Baltic
ahingas < Baltic
aisa < Baltic
?aitta < Baltic
ansa < Baltic
ehkä < Pre-Baltic
halli < Baltic
harmaa < Baltic
heitiä, hedelmä < Baltic žeid-
hihna < Baltic
hiiva < Baltic
härkä < Baltic
härmä < Baltic
ies, ikee- < *ikes < ?Pre-Slavonic
juhta < Baltic
jutta < Baltic
kannel < Baltic
kaplas < Baltic
kappale < Baltic
karsi < Baltic
karta < Baltic
karva < Baltic
kauha < Baltic
kausta < Baltic
kehdata < Pre-Baltic
keli < Baltic
kestää < Baltic
ketara < Baltic
kiiliäinen < Baltic
kimalainen < ?Pre-Slavonic
kirsi < Baltic
kirpeä < Baltic
korsi < Baltic
kulo < Baltic
kurki/kurko < Baltic
kurpponen < Baltic
kuuro < Baltic
kypärä < Baltic
käärme < Baltic
lahto < Baltic
laiska < Baltic
laukki < Baltic
lauta < Baltic
leina < Baltic
leppä < Baltic ?laip-
leuka < Baltic
luhta < Baltic
lunka < Baltic
malka < Baltic
muli < Baltic
mähkiä < Baltic
mäntä < Baltic
märkä < Baltic
nepaa < Baltic
nukero < Baltic
orsi < Baltic
pahlain < Baltic
paimen < Baltic
panu < Baltic
parjata < Baltic
pelu < Baltic
perkele < Baltic
puuro < Baltic
rako < Baltic
rastas < Baltic
reikä < Baltic
Not beyond Baltic reisi < Baltic rait-
reki < Baltic
rouhia < ?Pre-Slavonic
routa < Baltic
rutto < Baltic
sakara < Baltic
salo < Baltic
sapa(ro) < Baltic
seinä < Baltic
seiväs < Baltic
seura < Baltic
siikanen < Baltic
silta < Baltic
siula < Baltic
syrjä < Baltic
talkoot < Baltic
tapa < Baltic
tarha < Baltic
tarvas < Baltic
toe < Baltic
torvi < Baltic
tuohi < Baltic
tuulas < Baltic
tuura < Baltic
vaaja < Baltic
vako < Baltic
valjas < Baltic
varsi < Baltic
vielä < Baltic
vihvilä < Baltic
vinka < Baltic
virpi < Baltic
vohla < Baltic
vuona < Baltic
vuota < Baltic
väive < Baltic
ätelä < Baltic
Not beyond Baltic ääri < *äjä-ri < Pre-Baltic 
< Paleo-Germanic  (See annex p. 19-21 under link below)
http://cc.oulu.fi/~anaikio/Heimovaelluksista_jatkuvuuteen.pdf